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Thursday, 16 September 2021 19:54

September 2021

  

 

 

 

 

Monday, 13 September 2021 14:28

Watermelon Production Guide 1 Hectare

 Agric Show to hold unique exhibition | The Herald

The Zimbabwe Agricultural Society has confirmed dates for the 2021 Agricultural Show. The 111th edition will be held from 27 September to 1 October under the theme, “Synergies for Growth – Cooperate. Collaborate. Complement” to rally support for agriculture and its value chains for increased “production, productivity and profitability”.

This was confirmed by ZAS Chief Executive Dr. Andrew Matibiri during a press conference. The show will be held in strict adherence to Covid-19 health protocols.

“All exhibitors to the show require to have been fully vaccinated against Covid-19 or else they will be required to produce a COVID-19 test certificate from a test taken no later than 48 hours before the start of the show.” he said. 

Visitors will get free COVID-19 tests on booths placed outside the park. Contactless body temperature checks will be conducted on all entrants at every gate. All gates will be equipped with walk-in sanitizer booths. 

Dr Matibiri said all entrants will be required to properly wear masks, maintain 1 metre social distancing, and frequently wash and sanitize hands. Signs encouraging adherence will be placed throughout the park. 

The numbers of people allowed into each hall will be monitored and controlled. Park grounds, roads and halls will be disinfected before the start of the show. Al roads and exhibition halls will be disinfected after the show. Drone surveillance will be used to monitor and manage crowds to ensure strict adherence to COVID 19 protocols. 

Motor vehicle movement will not be allowed in the park during the show. 

“The highlights of the show will include; an exhibition in the Mining Agri Village which will demonstrate the strong synergies between mining and the agriculture sector. The village is vibrant this year on the back of a good agricultural season and strong growth in mining due to firmer commodity prices. The Annual National Agribusiness Conference will be held on Wednesday, 29 September. The Show will be available on virtual platforms.” 

The Zimbabwe Agricultural society is inviting sll previous and potential exhibitors to take part at this year’s show. 

 

Tuesday, 24 August 2021 09:37

Tomato Production Guide 1 Hectare

Tuesday, 24 August 2021 09:36

Wheat Production Guide 1 Hectare

Tuesday, 24 August 2021 09:35

Cabbage Production guide 1 Hectare

Tuesday, 24 August 2021 09:32

Carrot Production Guide 1 Hectare

Tuesday, 17 August 2021 15:59

August 2021

  

 

 

Saturday, 31 July 2021 17:40

Maximizing Litter Size in Pigs

Maximizing Litter Size in Pigs

Litter size is one of the key determinants for profitability in pig production. Big litter sizes result in more pigs sold and more revenue realized from your project. 

The number of pigs sold per sow per year can be affected by the litter size at birth. If a big litter is farrowed and mortality is low the number of pigs sold per sow per year will be high. The following can assist you to increase sow litter size. 

1. Litter size tends to decline after the fourth parity. The litter size of sows above the seventh parity is comparable to that of gilts hence a large proportion of sows in their late parities will result in reduced sow productivity.

2. Keep breeds known for producing large litters since breed affects litter size. The Mukota pig produces smaller litters than the large white or landrace. Large white is known to consistently produce better litters. Crossbreeds produce about 5% more pigs at birth on average than the average of the constituent purebreds. 

3. Aim for double or triple mating since single mating tends to result in smaller litters. Double or triple service spread over the period when the sow or gilt shows the standing reaction to the boar helps to increase litter size. 

4. Mate animals about 10 to 20 hours before ovulation which is the next time the animal shows signs of standing heat. Since the exact timing of ovulation cannot be predicted, mating cannot be timed to produce an optimum result. In order to increase the chances of fresh semen being available when ovulation takes place multiple services are conducted during the period the sow stands for the boar.

5. Mate animals that are healthy and free from diseases. Some diseases like SMEDI cause embryonic deaths which negatively affects litter size. 

6. Avoid overusing the boar as this lowers semen concentration and conception rate. Sperms need time to mature, overusing a boar result in a reduced period to mature hence poor fertilization. This also reduces boar lifespan.  

7. Avoid overfeeding the sows during the post-service period since this has been linked to smaller litter sizes. It is recommended that serviced sows be fed 2kgs per days.

8. Avoid stressing animals prior to mating. Stress results in high embryonic mortality. Mixing groups, not enough feed and water and poor animal handling are some of the causes of stress. 

9. Wean piglets no later than 4 weeks after farrowing. Early weaning reduces conception rate and litter size. 

10. Maintain optimum temperatures 18 to 21oC. Excessive temperatures in early pregnancy have been observed to increase embryonic losses. 

11. The process of increasing feed or energy intake for several days before mating is known as flushing. If gilts are to mated at second heat, the most effective treatment is to limit their feed intake in the later part of rearing, to increase their feeding level 10-14 days before mating and to reduce feed allowance to a normal restricted level immediately after mating. 

12. Litter size at first farrowing is more influenced by the heat number at which the gilt is mated than by her age or weight. The number of eggs shed is lowest at first heat and tend to increase with subsequent heat. 

Saturday, 31 July 2021 12:17

600 000t of Maize Delivered to GMB

MORE than 600 000 tonnes of maize valued at about $3 billion have been delivered to the Grain Marketing Board (GMB) while cotton worth $4 billion has been delivered to Cotton Company of Zimbabwe (Cottco) so far with more deliveries expected.

 

Lands, Agriculture, Fisheries, Water and Rural Resettlement Minister, Dr Anxious Masuka, revealed this during a recent tour of cotton ginneries at Nembudziya growth point in Gokwe North.

 

Since the start of the marketing season on April 1, nearly 1 400 buying points have been set up countrywide while an additional 400 are being established as the season progresses.

 

All the 84 GMB depots have begun operating daily, including on weekends, to facilitate uninterrupted grain deliveries, with supplies expected to start picking up next month.

 

The grain utility is paying $32 000 for a tonne of maize, $48 000 for a tonne of soya bean and $38 000 for traditional grains, according to a new producer price schedule published recently.

 

The Government has set aside $60 billion to ensure timely payment of farmers, with the GMB undertaking to effect payments to farmers within 72 hours of delivery. Farmers who deliver their grain to mobile collection points will be paid within five days.

 

"As we've been travelling across the country, we have observed that a lot of farmers are still to deliver maize to GMB and cotton to GMB. As of today (Saturday), over 600 000 tonnes of maize have been delivered to GMB depots across the country and they are worth $3 billon. As of cotton, deliveries to date are worth $4 billion and we have already paid over $1 billion to the farmers. Your Government is right on point and payments are coming right on time."

 

Dr Masuka said of the $1,5 billion disbursed for cotton farmers 2020 deliveries, $700 million was going towards Gokwe farmers who grow half of the country's white gold production.

 

"Gokwe grows half of cotton produced in the country and of the $1,5 billion, $700 million must remain in Gokwe. Gokwe provides half of the cotton deliveries in the country," said Dr Masuka.

 

"We are also here in Gokwe to ascertain whether Cottco is actually paying farmers $34 per kg as the farmer delivers followed by $22 per kg for grade C and D making it $56. When the cotton is further graded and if it is grade A or B it goes to $85 and there is also a US$10 per bale incentive, and that is what has been said by President Mnangagwa and you must make sure that it is what you get from Cottco."

 

The increase in hectarage, riding on the National Enhanced Agricultural Productivity Scheme (NEAPS), is expected to see maize production under the scheme surpassing the one million tonnes mark from last season's harvest of around 900 000 tonnes.

 

On the other hand, the cotton marketing season started on May 19 amid high expectations from farmers of early payments for the crop upon delivery at the 772 buying points countrywide. Of these, 359 are permanent cotton buying points while 413 are mobile buying points.

 

The minister said President Mnangagwa has stressed that farmers should be well incentivised to play their role towards achievement of an upper middle-income economy by 2030.

 

"We are also interacting with cotton farmers as we sensitize them on the success we have had with Pfumvudza/ Intwasa, which we want to take to cotton farming by introducing to them Pfumvudza/ Intwasa cotton programme," said Dr Masuka.

 

Under the Presidential cotton programme, Cabinet approved cotton Pfumvudza/ Intwasa pack comprising 6kg seed, 80kg basal fertiliser, 40kg top dressing and the prerequisite herbicides and chemicals reducing the seed allocation from 20kg seed to match fertilisers provided.

 

Read the original article on The Herald.

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